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S checked by Western blot with antiPY Ab (Figure S1). Stimulation

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S checked by Western blot with antiPY Ab (Figure S1). Stimulation upon CD3 cross-linking alone also increased LYP/CSK interaction in a similar way to CD3 and CD28 co-stimulation (Figure S2). From these data, we concluded that, while Pep/CSK interaction is constitutive, the interaction between LYP and CSK could be induced by cellular activation. It is also worthy to mention the existence of a shift in the band thatImmunoprecipitation, GST Pull-down, SDS PAGE and ImmunoblottingThese procedures were done as reported before [19]. Briefly, cells were lysed in lysis buffer: 20 mM Tris/HCl pH = 7,4, 150 mM NaCl, 5 mM EDTA containing 1 NP-40, 1 mM Na3VO4, 10 mg/ml aprotinin and leupeptin, and 1 mM PMSF, pH 7.5, and clarified by centrifugation at 15,000 rpm for 10 min. The clarified lysates were preadsorbed on protein GSepharose (GE Healthcare, Buckinghamshire, UK.) and then incubated with Ab and protein G-Sepharose beads for 1 h. Immune complexes were washed three times in lysis buffer and suspended in SDS sample buffer. Proteins resolved by SDS-PAGE were transferred electrophoretically to nitrocellulose membranes, and immunoblotted with optimal dilutions of specific Abs, followed by the appropriate anti-IgG-HRP conjugate. Blots were developed by the enhanced chemiluminescence technique with Pierce ECL Western Blotting substrate (Thermo Scientific, Rockford IL, USA) according to the manufacturer’s instructions.Regulation of TCR Signaling by LYP/CSK ComplexFigure 1. LYP binds to CSK in an inducible manner. A, Total lysates (TL) of HEK293 cells transiently transfected with LYP tagged with the myc epitope and HA-CSK, including the empty vector pEF as control, and treated or untreated with pervanadate (PV) for 5 min were subjected to immunoprecipitation (IP) and immunoblot (IB) with the indicated antibodies. B, Lysates from Jurkat cells transfected with plasmids that express mycLYPR-DA or myc-LYPW-DA treated with PV for 5 minutes were subjected to IP with anti-myc Ab and then blotted with anti-HA (upper panel) to detect CSK. Similar expression of the proteins in the assay was RG-7604 web detected by IB in the TL. C, Lysates of Jurkat cells untreated (resting cells), treated with PV or stimulated with anti-CD3 and anti-CD28 Abs for 5 min were subjected to IP with anti-CSK Ab, anti-LYP Ab, or an irrelevant Ab used as control, and inmunoblotted against endogenous LYP and CSK. D, T lymphocytes obtained from peripheral blood of healthy donors were incubated for the indicated times at 37uC with medium alone or in the presence of anti-CD3 and anti-CD28 Ab. Lysates from these cells were immunoprecipitated with anti-CSK or an irrelevant Ab (IgG) to show specificity, and the presence of LYP and CSK in the precipitates was detected with specific Abs by IB. LYP blot was measured by densitometry and the values obtained, shown under the blot, are expressed in arbitrary units. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0054569.gcorresponds to LYP in cells treated with PV (Figure 1A and B) that can be most likely explained by LYP phosphorylation.P1 and P2 LYP Motifs Bind to CSKThe previous data suggested that buy GDC-0853 either Arg620 is less critical than expected for CSK binding or CSK binds LYP throughRegulation of TCR Signaling by LYP/CSK Complexadditional PRMs. In fact, LYP, as Pep, contains two additional motifs, the P2 motif, which shows a high similarity with the P1 motif, and the CTH motif. To discard the 26001275 implication of the CTH motif we tested the interaction of CSK with a mutant of LYP lacking.S checked by Western blot with antiPY Ab (Figure S1). Stimulation upon CD3 cross-linking alone also increased LYP/CSK interaction in a similar way to CD3 and CD28 co-stimulation (Figure S2). From these data, we concluded that, while Pep/CSK interaction is constitutive, the interaction between LYP and CSK could be induced by cellular activation. It is also worthy to mention the existence of a shift in the band thatImmunoprecipitation, GST Pull-down, SDS PAGE and ImmunoblottingThese procedures were done as reported before [19]. Briefly, cells were lysed in lysis buffer: 20 mM Tris/HCl pH = 7,4, 150 mM NaCl, 5 mM EDTA containing 1 NP-40, 1 mM Na3VO4, 10 mg/ml aprotinin and leupeptin, and 1 mM PMSF, pH 7.5, and clarified by centrifugation at 15,000 rpm for 10 min. The clarified lysates were preadsorbed on protein GSepharose (GE Healthcare, Buckinghamshire, UK.) and then incubated with Ab and protein G-Sepharose beads for 1 h. Immune complexes were washed three times in lysis buffer and suspended in SDS sample buffer. Proteins resolved by SDS-PAGE were transferred electrophoretically to nitrocellulose membranes, and immunoblotted with optimal dilutions of specific Abs, followed by the appropriate anti-IgG-HRP conjugate. Blots were developed by the enhanced chemiluminescence technique with Pierce ECL Western Blotting substrate (Thermo Scientific, Rockford IL, USA) according to the manufacturer’s instructions.Regulation of TCR Signaling by LYP/CSK ComplexFigure 1. LYP binds to CSK in an inducible manner. A, Total lysates (TL) of HEK293 cells transiently transfected with LYP tagged with the myc epitope and HA-CSK, including the empty vector pEF as control, and treated or untreated with pervanadate (PV) for 5 min were subjected to immunoprecipitation (IP) and immunoblot (IB) with the indicated antibodies. B, Lysates from Jurkat cells transfected with plasmids that express mycLYPR-DA or myc-LYPW-DA treated with PV for 5 minutes were subjected to IP with anti-myc Ab and then blotted with anti-HA (upper panel) to detect CSK. Similar expression of the proteins in the assay was detected by IB in the TL. C, Lysates of Jurkat cells untreated (resting cells), treated with PV or stimulated with anti-CD3 and anti-CD28 Abs for 5 min were subjected to IP with anti-CSK Ab, anti-LYP Ab, or an irrelevant Ab used as control, and inmunoblotted against endogenous LYP and CSK. D, T lymphocytes obtained from peripheral blood of healthy donors were incubated for the indicated times at 37uC with medium alone or in the presence of anti-CD3 and anti-CD28 Ab. Lysates from these cells were immunoprecipitated with anti-CSK or an irrelevant Ab (IgG) to show specificity, and the presence of LYP and CSK in the precipitates was detected with specific Abs by IB. LYP blot was measured by densitometry and the values obtained, shown under the blot, are expressed in arbitrary units. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0054569.gcorresponds to LYP in cells treated with PV (Figure 1A and B) that can be most likely explained by LYP phosphorylation.P1 and P2 LYP Motifs Bind to CSKThe previous data suggested that either Arg620 is less critical than expected for CSK binding or CSK binds LYP throughRegulation of TCR Signaling by LYP/CSK Complexadditional PRMs. In fact, LYP, as Pep, contains two additional motifs, the P2 motif, which shows a high similarity with the P1 motif, and the CTH motif. To discard the 26001275 implication of the CTH motif we tested the interaction of CSK with a mutant of LYP lacking.

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