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Average size of 50 mm (Figure 1B). The encapsulation efficiencies of CBD

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Average size of 50 mm (Figure 1B). The encapsulation efficiencies of CBD and THC into PCL MPs were 99.0965.14 andCannabinoid Microparticles Inhibit Tumor GrowthFigure 2. Cannabinoid-loaded microparticles reduce the growth of U87MG cell-derived tumour xenografts. (A) Effect of the local administration of placebo MPs, THC-loaded MP (75 mg of MP containing approximately 6.15 mg of THC per administration, one administration every 5 days), CBD-loaded MP (75 mg of MP containing approximately 6.7 mg of CBD per administration, one administration every 5 days), a mixture (1:1 w:w) of THC- and CBD-loaded MP (37.5 mg of THC-loaded MP and 37.5 mg of CBD-loaded MP per administration, one administration every 5 days), THC (15 mg/kg/day corresponding to 0.5 mg THC per day), CBD (15 mg/kg/day corresponding to 0.5 mg THC per day) or 15857111 inhibit tumor growth.Discussion Treatment with cannabinoid-loaded microparticles activates apoptosis and inhibits tumor angiogensisThe mechanism of cannabinoid anticancer action relies on the ability of these compounds to promote cancer cell death ?via stimulation of apoptosis ?and inhibit cancer cell proliferation and tumour angiogenesis [6]. Therefore, we analyzed whether these mechanisms were activated in the tumour xenografts that had been treated with cannabinoid-loaded MPs. Unlike tumors that have been treated with blank MPs, treatment of U87derived xenografts with THC- or CBD-loaded MPs or with a mixture of THC and CBD MPs reduced cancer cell proliferation (as determined by Ki67 immunostaing, Figure 4A), enhanced apoptosis (as determined by TUNEL; Figure 4B) and decreased tumour vascularization (as determined by immunostaining with the endothelial cell marker CD31, Figure 4C). These observations confirm that cannabinoid microencapsulation does not One of the strategies that are currently under investigation to improve the efficacy of anticancer treatments is the utilization o.Average size of 50 mm (Figure 1B). The encapsulation efficiencies of CBD and THC into PCL MPs were 99.0965.14 andCannabinoid Microparticles Inhibit Tumor GrowthFigure 2. Cannabinoid-loaded microparticles reduce the growth of U87MG cell-derived tumour xenografts. (A) Effect of the local administration of placebo MPs, THC-loaded MP (75 mg of MP containing approximately 6.15 mg of THC per administration, one administration every 5 days), CBD-loaded MP (75 mg of MP containing approximately 6.7 mg of CBD per administration, one administration every 5 days), a mixture (1:1 w:w) of THC- and CBD-loaded MP (37.5 mg of THC-loaded MP and 37.5 mg of CBD-loaded MP per administration, one administration every 5 days), THC (15 mg/kg/day corresponding to 0.5 mg THC per day), CBD (15 mg/kg/day corresponding to 0.5 mg THC per day) or 23115181 THC + CBD (7.5 mg/kg/day of THC and 7.5 mg/kg/day CBD corresponding to 0.25 mg of THC and 0.25 mg of CBD per day) on the growth of U87MG cell-derived tumor xenografts. No significant differences were found between tumours treated with vehicle in solution or placebo MPs and these data were represented together. For the sake of clarity, comparisons between the effect of THC-loaded MPs and THC in solution (B), CBD-loaded MPs and CBD in solution (C), and THC-loaded MPs + CBD-loaded MPs and THC + CBD in solution (D) on the growth of U87MG cell-derived tumour xenografts are shown. Results are expressed as the mean fold increase 6 SEM relative to vehicle treated tumors on the day one of the treatment. (n = 7). Tumours treated with THCloaded MPs, CBD loaded MPs, a mixture of THC-loaded MPs and CBD-loaded MPs were significantly different (** p,0.01) from vehicle/placebo MPstreated tumours. Tumours treated with THC in solution, CBD in solution or a mixture of THC and CBD in solution were also significantly different (p,0.01) from vehicle/placebo-treated tumours from day 14 until the end of the treatment (signs of significance are omitted for clarity). No significant differences were found among any of the treatments with cannabinoid-loaded microparticles and any of the treatments with cannabinoids in solution. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0054795.gcannabinoids in solution and suggest that effective concentrations of cannabinoids could be reached at the tumour site using a lower frequency of MPs administration.interfere with the mechanism by which these agents 15857111 inhibit tumor growth.Discussion Treatment with cannabinoid-loaded microparticles activates apoptosis and inhibits tumor angiogensisThe mechanism of cannabinoid anticancer action relies on the ability of these compounds to promote cancer cell death ?via stimulation of apoptosis ?and inhibit cancer cell proliferation and tumour angiogenesis [6]. Therefore, we analyzed whether these mechanisms were activated in the tumour xenografts that had been treated with cannabinoid-loaded MPs. Unlike tumors that have been treated with blank MPs, treatment of U87derived xenografts with THC- or CBD-loaded MPs or with a mixture of THC and CBD MPs reduced cancer cell proliferation (as determined by Ki67 immunostaing, Figure 4A), enhanced apoptosis (as determined by TUNEL; Figure 4B) and decreased tumour vascularization (as determined by immunostaining with the endothelial cell marker CD31, Figure 4C). These observations confirm that cannabinoid microencapsulation does not One of the strategies that are currently under investigation to improve the efficacy of anticancer treatments is the utilization o.

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